Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Leading Causes

Leading Causes of Deaths

Overall
By Sex
By Age Group 

Overall

The leading causes of death groupings used in this page were based on the work of Roberto Becker (et al) with modifications discussed and approved by the Leading Cause Group subcommittee of the Core Indicators Working Group, Association of Public Health Epidemiologist in Ontario (APHEO).

Over the six years between 2007 and 2012, there were 23,845 deaths among residents of Simcoe Muskoka. The number one cause of death in Simcoe Muskoka during that time period was ischaemic heart disease (IHD), which was listed as the primary cause for 3,714 deaths and accounted for 16% of all deaths. IHD was responsible for nearly twice the number of deaths compared with any other cause during this six-year period in Simcoe Muskoka. Other leading causes of death included cancer of lungs and bronchus, dementia and Alzheimer disease, cerebrovascular diseases, chronic lower respiratory diseases, diabetes, cancer of the colon rectum and anus, lymph and blood related cancers, cancer of the breast and influenza and pneumonia.

The leading causes of death for Ontario as a whole over this same time period were quite similar to what was observed in Simcoe Muskoka as depicted in figure one below. However, a significantly higher proportion of deaths from cancer of lungs and bronchus, dementia and Alzheimer disease, chronic lower respiratory diseases, and diabetes occurred in Simcoe Muskoka relative to Ontario as a whole.

Figure One
150217LCoDbyArea_Image1_20150217
By Sex 

In Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2012, the leading cause of death for both males and females was IHD. However, the proportion of deaths due to IHD was higher for males (17%) compared with females (14%). The second leading cause of death in males for this time period was cancer of lungs and bronchus, accounting for more than 8% of all deaths. The second leading cause of death among women for this time period was dementia and Alzheimer disease, which accounted for 11% of deaths. Cancer of the lung and bronchus and chronic lower respiratory diseases were the third leading cause of death for women and men respectively. Figure two compares the leading causes of deaths for males and females in Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2012.

Figure Two
150217LCoDbySex_Image2_20150217
By Age Group 

In Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2012, there were 127 deaths among infants less than one year of age. The leading causes of death among infants were perinatal conditions and congenital anomalies, which accounted for 90% of all deaths. During the same five year time interval there were 116 deaths among Simcoe Muskoka children and adolescents between the ages of one and 19 years. The leading causes of deaths among children and adolescents were transport accidents (22%) and suicides (16%). Suicides and transport accidents were also the leading causes of death among young adults (20 to 44 years of age), which were responsible for 16% and 10% (respectively) of the 813 deaths in this age group. The leading causes of death among older adults (45 to 64 years of age) were ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and cancer of the lung and bronchus, which accounted for 13.5% and 13% (respectively) of the 3,967 deaths that occurred in this age group over these five years. The leading causes of death among younger seniors (65 to 74 years) were cancer of the lung and bronchus and ischaemic heart disease (IHD), which each accounted for 15% of the 4,186 deaths that occurred in this age group between 2007 and 2012. Seniors aged 75 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka experienced the most deaths between 2007 and 2012 at 14,636. The leading cause of deaths among these older seniors was IHD, which was responsible for 17% of all deaths. Table one below provides a summary of the leading causes of death, by age group, for Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2012 (combined).

Table 1

Leading Causes of Death, Simcoe Muskoka Residents, by Age Group, 2007 to 2012 (Combined)

AGE GROUP

NUMBER OF DEATHS

LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH (%)

<1 year

127

Perinatal conditions (57%)
Congenital anomalies (32%)

1 - 19 years

116

Transport accidents (22%)
Suicide (16%)

20 - 44 years

813

Suicide (16%)
Transport accidents (10%)
Accidental poisoning (8%)

45 - 64 years

3,967

Ischaemic heart disease (13.5%)
Cancer of lung and bronchus (13%)
Cancer of the colon, rectum & anus (5%)

65 - 74 years

4,186

Cancer of lung and bronchus (15%)
Ischaemic heart disease (14.5%)
Chronic lower respiratory disease (6%)

75+ years

14,636

Ischaemic heart disease (17%)
Dementia & Alzheimer disease (12%)
Cebrovascular diseases (7%)
Chronic lower respiratory disease (6%)

Data Sources: Ontario Mortality Data [2007 to 2012], Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH ONTARIO, Date Extracted: [November 1, 2016].