Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Leading Causes

Leading Causes of Cancer Death

All Ages
 
Males
 
Females
Children & Youth
Adults

Cancer deaths data are derived from the Ontario Cancer Registry (OCR) operated by Cancer Care Ontario. The OCR contains information on Ontario residents who have died of all types of malignant cancers. Cancer sites were coded using the Third Edition of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICDO-3).

All Ages

Over the thirteen years between 2000 and 2012, there were 14,601 deaths from cancer among residents of Simcoe Muskoka (7,770 among males and 6,831 among females). The leading causes of cancer deaths are different for adult males and females so the data will be presented separately. The leading causes of cancer deaths for children and youth will be presented together for both sexes combined due to smaller numbers of cancer deaths.

Males

The number one cause of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males between 2000 and 2012 was lung cancer, which accounted for 27 per cent of all cancer deaths over this time period. This was followed by colorectal cancer and prostate cancer, which accounted for 13 and 11 per cent respectively of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males. Together these three cancers accounted for more than half of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka males.

The leading causes of cancer deaths among Ontario males as a whole over this same time period were quite similar to what was observed in Simcoe Muskoka as depicted in figure one below; however, cancer mortality was significantly higher among Simcoe Muskoka males for: lung cancer, prostate cancer and melanoma of the skin.

Figure One
160825LCofCancDeathsMalesBAR

Females

The number one cause of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females between 2000 and 2012 was lung cancer, which accounted for 26 per cent of all cancer deaths over this time period. This was followed by breast cancer and colorectal cancer which accounted for 15 per cent and 12 per cent respectively of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females. Together these three cancers accounted for more than half of all cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka females.

The leading causes of cancer deaths among Ontario females as a whole over this same time period were quite similar to what was observed in Simcoe Muskoka as depicted in figure two below; however, cancer mortality was significantly higher among Simcoe Muskoka females for: lung cancer and colorectal cancer.

Figure Two
160825LCofCancDeathsFemalesBAR

Children and Youth

In Simcoe Muskoka between 2000 and 2012, there were 37 cancer deaths among children and youth under 20 years of age. The leading causes of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka children and youth were leukemia (11 deaths) and cancers of the brain and other nervous systems (8 deaths), which accounted for more than half of all cancer deaths for this age group. These were the same two leading causes of cancer death among Ontario children and youth, also accounting for more than half of all cancer deaths for those under 20 years of age across the province.

Adults

In Simcoe Muskoka between 2000 and 2012, the leading causes of cancer deaths among adults (20 years and older) varied by sex and age group. Among younger adult males between the age of 20 and 44 years, brain and other nervous system cancers were the leading cause of cancer deaths followed by lung cancer, colorectal cancer and leukemia. Among adult males for all other age groups, lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths followed by colorectal, prostate cancer and pancreatic cancer. Breast cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths for young adult females between 20 and 44 years of age accounting for more than one-quarter of all cancer deaths in this age group. Lung cancer was the leading cause of cancer deaths for females 45 years of age and older. Other leading causes of cancer deaths for females included colorectal cancer and pancreatic cancer. Table one provides the leading causes of cancer deaths among Simcoe Muskoka adults (20 years and older) for the years of 2000 to 2012 combined, summarized by age group.

Table One

Leading Causes of Cancer Deaths, Simcoe Muskoka Adults, by Sex and Age Group, 2000 to 2012 (combined)

AGE
GROUP

MALES

FEMALES

# CANCER DEATHS

TYPE OF CANCER
- % OF DEATHS
BY AGE GROUP

# CANCER DEATHS

TYPE OF CANCER
- % OF DEATHS
BY AGE GROUP

20-44 years

172

Brain and Other Nervous System - 13%

Lung and Bronchus - 11%

Colon and Rectum - 9%

Leukemia - 8%

199

Breast - 28%

Brain and Other Nervous

System - 11%

Colon and Rectum - 8%

Lung and Bronchus - 8%

Cervix Uteri - 8%

45-64 years

1,858

Lung and Bronchus - 30%

Colon and Rectum - 13%

Pancreas - 7%

Esophagus - 7%

1,687

Lung and Bronchus - 30%

Breast - 20%

Colon and Rectum - 8%

Ovary - 6%

65-74 years

2,232

Lung and Bronchus - 33%

Colon and Rectum - 13%

Prostate - 8%

Pancreas - 5%

1,713

Lung and Bronchus - 33%

Breast - 12%

Colon and Rectum - 11%

Pancreas - 7%

75+
years

3,488

Lung and Bronchus - 23%

Prostate - 18%

Colon and Rectum - 13%

Urinary Bladder - 5%

3,215

Lung and Bronchus - 22%

Colon and Rectum - 15%

Breast - 13%

Pancreas - 6%

Data source: CCO SEER*Stat Package Release 10 - OCR (Aug. 2015) . Pop Est Summary (Statistics Canada, Ontario Ministry Finance), Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: IntelliHEALTH ONTARIO, extracted May 2015.