According to the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System (NACRS), on average, there were over 200 emergency visits per year for pedestrian injured in transport accidents in Simcoe Muskoka between 2003 and 2015.
The age-standardized rate for pedestrian injury emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2015 was 43.7 (38.2, 49.3) visits per 100,000 population, which was significantly lower than the Ontario rate of 50.6 (49.4, 51.8) per 100,000 population.
The trend in the pedestrian injury emergency visit rates in Ontario was relatively flat over the 13-year period from 2003 to 2015. The Simcoe Muskoka rate drop significantly from 2004 to 2005 and has remained relatively stable since 2005. It is unclear why the rates in Simcoe Muskoka from 2005 to 2014 are significantly lower than the 2003 to 2004 rates. The Simcoe Muskoka pedestrian injury emergency visit rate was below the provincial rate for the past 11 years (2005 to 2015).
The age-standardized rate for pedestrian injury emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka among males in 2015 was 54.3 (45.5, 63.1) visits per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the Simcoe Muskoka female rate of 33.2 (26.3, 40.1) visits per 100,000. The 2015 pedestrian injury emergency visit rates for Ontario males was 52.5 (50.8, 54.2) visits per 100,000, which was not significantly different from the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rate; however, the 2015 provincial female rate of 48.8 (47.2, 50.5) visits per 100,000 was significantly higher than the comparable local rate.
The age-specific rate for pedestrian injury emergency visits between 2003 and 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those under 20 years of age at 54.2 (50.6, 57.8) visits per 100,000 populations and those 20 to 44 years of age at 51.4 (48.4, 54.4) visits per 100,000. The age-specific Simcoe Muskoka rates were significantly lower than the comparable provincial rates for adults 45 years of age and older; however, were similar to the provincial rates for those under 45 years of age.
For the time period from 2011 to 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, emergency visits for pedestrian injuries was significantly lower among those living in top income quintile when compared with those living in any of the other income quintiles, particularly among those living in the bottom 40 per cent of household income.
On average, there were approximately 35 hospitalizations per year for pedestrian related injuries in Simcoe Muskoka between 2003 and 2015. During this same time period, the age-standardized rate for pedestrian injury hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka among males was 8.0 (7.0, 9.0) admissions per 100,000 which was significantly higher than female rate of 5.6 (4.8, 6.4) admissions per 100,000. The age-specific hospitalization rate was highest among older seniors (75+) at 15.0 (11.5, 18.5) admissions per 100,000 in Simcoe Muskoka during this same 13-year time span. The Simcoe Muskoka pedestrian injury hospitalization rates were lower than the comparable provincial rates for adults 45 year of age and older over this same time period.
Over the 13-year period between 2000 and 2013, 69 Simcoe Muskoka pedestrians died in transport accidents. Seventy per cent of the decedents were males and 80 per cent of the deaths were as a result of a traffic collision. Pedestrian mortality is highest among older seniors (75 years of age and older). The pedestrian mortality rate in Simcoe Muskoka was not significantly different from the comparable provincial rate for any age-group over this twelve-year period. The death data come from the Vital Statistics database for Ontario.