Rubella, also known as German measles, is a disease caused by the rubella virus. Rubella generally affects children, but can be more severe in adults, particularly pregnant women. For more information, see the health unit's fact sheet on rubella.
Rubella can be prevented by a vaccine. For more information on the vaccine, please see the health unit’s fact sheet on rubella vaccine.
The following graph shows the number of rubella cases in Simcoe Muskoka between 2000 and 2015. There have been between 0 and 1 cases of rubella in Simcoe Muskoka every year since 2000. In 2015, zero cases of rubella were reported in Simcoe Muskoka.
The following graph shows the incidence rateof rubella in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario between 2000 and 2015. The incidence rate for rubella in Simcoe Muskoka for 2015 was 0.0 cases per 100,000 population and the Ontario rate was 0.00 cases per 100,000 population.
In 2005, there was an outbreak of rubella among under-vaccinated individuals in a south-western community of Ontario, as indicated by the spike in the Ontario rate.
There are many factors that influence how many cases are reported to the health unit, as explained on the Infectious Diseases page.
Provincial definitions classify cases as confirmed, probable or suspect based on clinical and/or laboratory diagnostic criteria. The provincial case definition for pertussis changed in April 2009 to include a definition for probable cases whereas before there was no such classification. The definitions of confirmed and probable cases from 2009 onwards are comparable to confirmed cases before 2009.