Cryptosporidiosis is a disease caused by the parasite Cryptosporidium. Some people with cryptosporidiosis do not have any symptoms. The most common symptoms are frequent, watery diarrhea and stomach cramps. Cryptosporidiosis is spread by consuming contaminated food or water, swimming in contaminated water, or contact with infected pets or farm animals. For more information, see the health unit's fact sheet on cryptosporidium.
The following graph shows the number of cryptosporidiosis cases in Simcoe Muskoka between 2000 and 2015. The number of cryptosporidiosis cases in Simcoe Muskoka varies between two and 14 cases per year, except for the increase observed in 2006. In 2015, 12 cases of cryptosporidiosis were reported to the health unit.
In 2006, there was an increase in cryptosporidiosis cases in Simcoe Muskoka and surrounding health units. Local and provincial experts could not find any common exposures or source during this time period. One contributing factor may have been the multiple heavy rainfalls in the spring and summer of 2006, which can increase the concentration of cryptosporidium parasites in lakes where people swim and unintentionally swallow water.
The following graph shows the incidence rate of cryptosporidiosis in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario between 2000 and 2015. The incidence rate in Simcoe Muskoka is comparable to the Ontario rate, however it is more variable than the Ontario rate because it is based on smaller numbers. The Ontario rate has remained relatively stable during this time period. The 2015 incidence rate for cryptosporidiosis was 2.2 cases per 100,000 population in Simcoe Muskoka and 2.8 cases per 100,000 population in Ontario.
There are many factors that influence how many cases are reported to the health unit, as explained on the Infectious Diseases page.
Provincial definitions classify cases as confirmed or probable based on clinical and/or laboratory diagnostic criteria. The provincial case definition for cryptosporidiosis changed in April 2009 to include a definition for probable cases whereas before there was no such classification. The definitions of confirmed and probable cases from 2009 onwards are comparable to confirmed cases before 2009.