Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Determinants Of Health

Employment

Overall
By Youth
By Aboriginal status
By Immigrant status
By Low Income

Overall

According to 2016 Census data, about 287,280 (65%) Simcoe Muskoka residents 15 years of age and older were part of the labour force. Of the individuals in the labour force, 7% (or 20,010) were unemployed. In comparison, the unemployment rate in Ontario in 2016 was a bit higher at 7.4% (or 529, 525 unemployed). Unemployment numbers among men and women were very similar in Simcoe Muskoka, with 9,540 women and 10,470 men unemployed in 2016.

Unemployment Rate

Almost 5% (or 12,870) of Simcoe Muskoka’s labour force were unemployed long-term in 2011; the same percentage of long-term unemployment as was seen in Ontario (5%). 

In 2016, the unemployment rate varied by municipalities and townships. In Simcoe County, the highest unemployment rates among the labour force population aged 15 years and over were in Christian Island (30 & 30A) (17%), Mnjikaning First Nation 32 (16%) and Midland (9%). In the District of Muskoka, the highest unemployment rates were in Moose Point 79 (10.5%), Georgian Bay (8%) and Gravenhurst (8%).

Unemployment Rate Simcoe1

Unemployment Rate Simcoe2

Unemployment Rate Muskoka

Another data source that is used to track unemployment rates is the Labour Force Survey (LFS). There are slight differences in the unemployment rate between the 2016 Census and the LFS: while the 2016 Census estimates that the unemployment rate among Simcoe Muskoka’s population 15 years of age and older was 7% in 2016, the LFS estimates that the unemployment rate was 6.3% in 2016.

There are a few reasons that may account for the differences in the reported rates of unemployment between the 2016 Census and the LFS including differences in: a) reference period, b) definitions, c) the survey method, d) populations excluded, and e) sample size (Statistics Canada, 2017, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016: Appendix 6.1). It is important to note that the 2016 Census estimate is based on a single 7-day period (reference week) in May 2016 whereas the LFS 2016 estimate is the average of the unemployment rate in each month for 2016. There are also some variations in the assignment of respondents to ‘employed’, ‘unemployed’ or ‘not in the workforce’. For example, self-employed workers that do not report working any hours in the reference week are classified as ‘unemployed’ in the 2016 Census, whereas they are considered ‘employed’ by the LFS if these workers attributed their absence to not having any work during the reference week. With respect to the survey method, the LFS may be completed online (as of 2015) or by a trained interviewer, reducing the likelihood of misinterpretation, compared to the 2016 Census which is completed by the person themselves. The last point to note is that the 2016 Census includes on-reserve Indigenous populations, whereas the LFS does not.

The LFS is useful in that it provides unemployment rates on a yearly basis providing more up-to-date information as well as allowing for trends to be seen over time. According to the LFS, the unemployment rate in Simcoe Muskoka increased from 5% in 2006 to 6.3% in 2016.

Unemployment Trend 15+

By Youth

According to the 2016 Labour Force Survey (LFS), the unemployment rate among Simcoe Muskoka youth (age 15 to 24 years) was 16.7%. By comparison, the unemployment rate among youth in Ontario was 14% for the same time period.

The youth unemployment rate in Simcoe Muskoka has increased from 13% in 2006 to 16.7% in 2016, while the Ontario youth unemployment rate increased from 13% in 2006 to 14% in 2016.

In comparison, the youth unemployment rate is more than double the unemployment rate for Simcoe Muskoka’s population 15 years and older (6.3%).

Unemployment Trend 15 to 24

By Aboriginal Status

According to the 2011 NHS, in Simcoe Muskoka about 9,500 of those 15 years of age and older who reported Aboriginal identity were part of the labour force, 12% (or 1,150) of this population group were unemployed in 2011.

By comparison, in Ontario, there are over 140,500 people 15 years of age and older of Aboriginal identity in the labour force, with 14% (just under 20,000 people) were unemployed in 2011.

By Immigrant Status

In 2011, almost 29,000 immigrants 15 years of age and older in Simcoe Muskoka were part of the labour force. Of these, 8% (or 2,350) were unemployed, which was slightly lower than the unemployment rate for the Ontario immigrant population (9%).

Just over 2,200 recent immigrants 15 years of age and older in Simcoe Muskoka were part of the labour force. Of these, 14% (or 300) were unemployed, slightly lower than the unemployment rate for the overall recent immigrant population in Ontario (9%).

By Low Income

According to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), 16% (or about 3,700) of Simcoe Muskoka’s population 15 years and over that were living in low income in 2010 (based on the NHS Low Income Measure after tax [LIM-AT]) were unemployed. This is double the unemployment rate for Simcoe Muskoka overall (8%).

In comparison, 19% (or 126,000) of Ontario’s population aged 15 years and over living in low income in 2010 were unemployed.

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