Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Determinants Of Health

Official Language

Overall

By Low Income

Overall

According to the 2016 Census, the majority of people living in Simcoe Muskoka could speak one or both of Canada’s two official languages, English and French.This included: English only (93% or 495,615), French only (0.1% or 370), and English and French bilingual (6.6% or 35,400). Less than one percent (0.4% or 2,360) of Simcoe Muskoka residents and 2.5% (or 326,935) of Ontario residents could not speak English or French. There was virtually no difference in the reported percentages between 2016 and 2011.

In comparison, the proportion of the population that spoke only English was higher in Simcoe Muskoka (93% or 495,615) than Ontario (86% or 11,455,500). Approximately 0.5% (or 2,730) of Simcoe Muskoka residents and 2.8% (or 366,975) of Ontario residents could not speak English well enough to conduct a conversation in 2016.

 

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In a few Simcoe Muskoka municipalities more than 10% of the population could speak both English and French in 2016. This included Penetanguishene (19.2%), Tiny (17.1%), and Essa (10.7%). Knowledge of neither English nor French was very low in all Simcoe Muskoka municipalities (0.5% or less) except for Bradford West Gwillimbury (2.3%).

By Low Income

In Simcoe Muskoka, 12% (or 52,750) of the population that reported only speaking English were living in low income in 2010, based on the National Household Survey (NHS) Low Income Measure after tax (LIM-AT). Nine per cent (or just over 3,000) of those who reported they speak both English and French were living in low income. Seventeen per cent (or 250) of Simcoe Muskoka’s population that do not speak English or French were living in low income. Numbers of those living in low income who spoke French only are not available due to data suppression.

In comparison, 14% (or 1,517,300) of Ontario’s population that reported speaking English only were living in low income. Of the population that could only speak French, 20% (or 8,100) were living in low income. 11% (or 152,200) of Ontario’s bilingual (English and French) population and 24% (or 68,310) of Ontario’s population that speaks neither English nor French were living in low income.

According to NHS, 11% (or 56,055) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population was living in low income in 2010. This low income estimate differs slightly from the low income estimate derived from Taxfiler data, but is provided here as a measure that can be compared to the only currently available estimate of percentage of immigrants with low income.

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