Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Determinants Of Health

Official Language


By Low Income


According to the 2011 Census, the majority of people living in Simcoe Muskoka could speak one or both of Canada’s two official languages, English and French. This included: English only (93% or 463,000), French only (0.1% or 440), and English and French bilingual (6% or 32,300). Less than one percent (0.4% or 1,770) of Simcoe Muskoka residents could not speak English or French.

In comparison, the proportion of the population that speaks only English is higher in Simcoe Muskoka (93% or 463,000) than Ontario (86% or 10,984,360).


By Low Income

In Simcoe Muskoka, 12% (or 52,750) of the population that reported only speaking English were living in low income in 2010, based on the National Household Survey (NHS) Low Income Measure after tax (LIM-AT). Nine per cent (or just over 3,000) of those who reported they speak both English and French were living in low income. 17% (or 250) of Simcoe Muskoka’s population that do not speak English or French were living in low income. Numbers of those living in low income who spoke French only are not available due to data suppression.

In comparison, 14% (or 1,517,300) of Ontario’s population that reported speaking English only were living in low income. Of the population that could only speak French, 20% (or 8,100) were living in low income. 11% (or 152,200) of Ontario’s bilingual (English and French) population and 24% (or 68,310) of Ontario’s population that speaks neither English nor French were living in low income.

According to NHS, 11% (or 56,055) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population was living in low income in 2010. This low income estimate differs slightly from the low income estimate derived from Taxfiler data, but is provided here as a measure that can be compared to the only currently available estimate of percentage of immigrants with low income.