Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Determinants Of Health

Immigration

Overall

By Age

By Mother Tongue

By Home Language

By Education

By Employment

By Median Income (after tax)

By Low Income

Overall

According to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), 11% of Simcoe Muskoka’s population (or about 54,800 people) are immigrants to Canada. By comparison, in Ontario, 29% of the population (or 3,611,350) are immigrants to Canada.

Immigration numbers vary by municipality and township. Most immigrants in Simcoe Muskoka live in Barrie (30% or 16,680), followed by Bradford West Gwillimbury (11% or 5,860) and Innisfil (7% or 4,070); in fact, 93% (or 50,915) of immigrants living in Simcoe Muskoka reside in Simcoe County, with 7% (or 3,870) residing in the District of Muskoka.

Among immigrants residing in Simcoe Muskoka, most are from the United Kingdom (29% or 15,830), Germany (7% or 3,770), and Italy (6% or 3,355).

Almost half of the 54,800 immigrants that have moved to Simcoe Muskoka arrived prior to 1971 (45% or 24,850). Seven per cent (7% or just over 3,900) of all immigrants living in Simcoe Muskoka reported themselves as recent immigrants who came to Canada between 2006 and 2011. In comparison, 14% of Ontario’s immigrants (or 501,060) reported arriving between 2006 and 2011.

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By Age

In 2011, the median age of all immigrants, regardless of year of immigration, in Simcoe County and the District of Muskoka was 58 and 63 years, respectively. This is older than the median age of the total population which is 42 years in Simcoe County and 48 years in Muskoka District.

However, the median age of recent immigrants in Simcoe County and the District of Muskoka is younger at 33 years and 34 years, respectively.

150730PopPyramid

Children aged 14 and under made up 3% (or 1,515) of the total immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, while one third (34% or 18,645) of the immigrant population were seniors aged 65 and over.

In comparison, children aged 14 and under made up 18% (or 720) of the recent immigrant population, while 5% (or 205) were seniors aged 65 and over.

By Mother Tongue

According to the 2011 Census, among the immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 49% (or 26,655) reported English and 1% (or 415) reported French as their mother tongue. Of the 52% (or 27,740) who reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, 3,940 reported German, 3,030 reported Italian, and 2,570 reported Dutch.

In comparison, among the recent immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 44% (or 1,725) reported English and 0% reported French as their mother tongue. 57% (or 2,190) reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, with the top three being: 320 reported Spanish, 250 reported Tagalog, and 220 reported Korean.

In Ontario, 72% (or 2,532,030) of the immigrant population reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue, and 81% (or 387,890) of the recent immigrant population reported a single non-official language as their mother tongue.

Note: For the official languages of English and French, the calculations presented are include both single and multiple responses to the question: What is the language that this person first learned at home in childhood and still understands? Totals may not equal 100% due to this and also due to rounding.

By Home Language

Among the immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 82% (or 45,015) reported they spoke English, and less than 1% reported they spoke French most often at home. Of the 18% (or 9,655) who reported a single non-official language as their home language, 1,105 reported Portuguese, 1,030 reported Italian, and 895 reported Polish.

Among the recent immigrant population in Simcoe Muskoka, 68% (or 2,665) reported they spoke English most often at home. 35% (or 1,250) reported a single non-official language as their home language, with the top three languages reported being: Spanish (165), Korean (155), and Arabic (95).

Note: For the official languages of English and French, the calculations presented are include both single and multiple responses to the question: What language does this person speak most often at home? Does this person speak any other languages on a regular basis at home? Totals may not equal 100% due to this and also due to rounding.

By Education

In terms of educational attainment, 61% of immigrants (or 19,875) between the ages of 25 and 64 in Simcoe Muskoka indicated they have a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree. A slightly higher percentage of recent immigrants (69% or 1,745) in Simcoe Muskoka indicated that they have received a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

In comparison, 59% (or almost 158,000 people) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population aged 25 to 64 have completed a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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By Employment

According to the National Household Survey, in 2011, 54% (or 28,920) of the immigrant population 15 years and older were part of the labour force in Simcoe Muskoka. Half (50% or 26,565) were employed, slightly less than the overall population in Simcoe Muskoka which was 60% (or 245,680).

Similarly with the recent immigrant population 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka, 69% (or 2,225) were part of the labour force. 60% (or 1,920) of this population group were employed.

In comparison, the unemployment rate in Simcoe Muskoka for the immigrant population 15 years and older was similar to the unemployment rate for the overall population 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka, 8% and 8% respectively. When comparing the unemployment rate for recent immigrants 15 years and older in Simcoe Muskoka (14%), this was higher than both the immigrant and overall population unemployment rate.

By Median Income (after tax)

The median after-tax income in 2010 for immigrants aged 15 years and older in Simcoe County was $27,847, which was slightly lower than the median after-tax income for immigrants living in the District of Muskoka ($28,461).

In 2010, the median after-tax income for recent immigrants aged 15 years and over in Simcoe County was $17,922, which was almost $5,000 lower than the median after-tax income for recent immigrants in the District of Muskoka ($22,316). In comparison, the 2010 median after-tax income for the total population ages 15 years and over in Simcoe County and District of Muskoka was $28,238 and $26,074 respectively. 

By Low Income

Based on the National Household Survey (NHS) Low Income Measure after tax (LIM-AT), 10% (or just over 5,400) of immigrants and 20% (or 780) of recent immigrants in Simcoe Muskoka were living in low income in 2010. In comparison, according to NHS, 11% (or 56,055) of Simcoe Muskoka’s overall population was living in low income in 2010. This low income estimate differs slightly from the low income estimate derived from Taxfiler data, but is provided here as a measure that can be compared to the only currently available estimate of percentage of immigrants with low income.

In Ontario, 16% of immigrants (or 593,315) and 34% of recent immigrants (or 167,700) were living in low income in 2010 (based on the NHS LIM-AT).

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