Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

Stroke Hospitalization

Overall

By Sex

By Age Group

By Income

Overall

Cerebrovascular diseases (including stroke), accounted for nearly 1,000 hospital stays and were the seventh leading cause of hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka in 2016. Stroke accounted for 778 or three-quarters of all cerebrovascular disease related hospitalizations during this time period.

The age-standardized hospitalization rate for stroke in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2016 was 119 (110.5, 127.5) hospitalizations per 100,000 population, which was not significantly different than the Ontario rate of 112 (110.8, 114.2) hospitalizations per 100,000 population.

The stroke hospitalization rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario decreased significantly over the 14-year period from 2003 to 2016 at approximately two per cent per year on average.

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By Sex

In 2016, the age-standardized stroke hospitalization rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 137 (123.7, 150.9) hospitalizations per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the female rate of 102 (91.9, 113.3) hospitalizations per 100,000. The stroke hospitalization rates for Ontario males and females were not significantly different from the comparable rates in Simcoe Muskoka in 2016. 

The stroke hospitalization rates for males in Simcoe Muskoka fell sharply between 2003 and 2006; however, from 2006 to 2016 the rates did not change significantly. The stroke hospitalization rates among Simcoe Muskoka females decreased significantly from 2003 to 2016, with an average annual decrease of -2.3% (-3.6, -0.9) per year.

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By Age Group

Hospitalizations for stroke increases with age. The age-specific rate for stroke hospitalizations between 2011 and 2016 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 863 (826, 901) hospital discharges per 100,000 populations. This was three-times the rate for those 65 to 74 years of age and eight-times the rate for those 45 to 64 years of age. The age-specific Simcoe Muskoka rates were similar to the comparable provincial rates over this six-year time period.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2016 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income had significantly lower rates of stroke hospitalizations when compared with all other low-income areas.

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