By Age Group
Cerebrovascular diseases (including stroke) were responsible for nearly 1,110 deaths in Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2012 and were the fourth leading cause of death during that time period. Strokes were responsible for over 1000 deaths, which accounted for 75 per cent of all cerebrovascular disease related deaths over these six years.
The age-standardized mortality rate for stroke in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2012 was 28.8 (24.4, 35.2) per 100,000 population, which was not significantly different than the Ontario rate of 27.3 (26.4, 28.2) per 100,000 population.
The stroke mortality rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario declined significantly over the 13-year period from 2000 to 2012, with an average annual decrease of approximately five per cent per year in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario.
In 2012, the age-standardized mortality rate for stroke among Simcoe Muskoka males was 33.1 (25.7, 40.5) per 100,000, which was not significantly different from the female rate of 24.4 (19.2, 29.6) per 100,000. These rates were not significantly different than 2012 Ontario rates for males and females.
There was a significant downward trend in the stroke mortality rates for both males and females in Simcoe Muskoka between 2000 and 2012.
By Age Group
The risk of dying from a stroke increases exponentially with age. The age-specific rate of stroke deaths between 2000 and 2012 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 422 (402.7, 442.3) deaths per 100,000. This was more than seven times the rate for those 65 to 74 years of age and more than 30 times the rate for those 45 to 64 years of age. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were similar to the provincial rates for all age groups.
The age-standardized mortality rate for stroke-related deaths between 2006 and 2012 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was lowest among those living in the bottom income quintile at 21.5 (18.4, 24.6) deaths per 100,000.