Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

High Blood Pressure Prevalence

Overall
By Age
By Income

Overall

As part of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), respondents were asked if they had been diagnosed with certain health conditions by a health professional that were expected to last six months or longer.

In 2013/14, 22% (19.5%, 24.0%) of Simcoe Muskoka residents (12+) reported having high blood pressure. This was significantly higher than the provincial self-reported high blood pressure prevalence rate of 18% (17.8%, 19.1%).

There was a significant upward trend in self-reported high blood pressure prevalence in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario between 2003 and 2014. Self-reported high blood pressure prevalence in Simcoe Muskoka, among the population 12 years and older, increased by an average of four per cent (1.9%, 5.6%) per year from 2003 to 2014. There was also a smaller, but significant, upward trend in self-reported high blood pressure for Ontario as a whole during this same time period, with a 2% (1.7%, 2.6%) average annual increase (see figure one).

Figure One

160304HBPTrendbyArea

By Age

High blood pressure prevalence increases with age. In Simcoe Muskoka in 2013/14, self-reported high blood pressure was highest among seniors (65+) at 51% (45.5%, 56.8%), followed by adults aged 45 to 64 years at 30% (24.2%, 35.7%). Between 2003 and 2014, self-reported high blood pressure prevalence among adults 45 to 64 years of age increased significantly at an average of four per cent (1.2%, 7.1%) per year. This was the only age group in Simcoe Muskoka that experienced a significant increase in self-reported high blood pressure over this time period (see figure two).

Figure Two

160304HBPTrendbyAgeSMDHU

 

By Income

High blood pressure prevalence increases with lower levels of household income. In both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario between 2009 and 2014, adults living in households in the bottom 20 per cent of household income had significantly higher self-reported high blood pressure when compared with those in the top 20 per cent of household income (see figure three).

Figure Three
160304HBPTrendbyIncome