Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

COPD Emergency Visits

Overall

By Sex

By Age Group

By Income

Overall

In 2016, diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), were the second leading cause of emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka. There were nearly 5,000 COPD emergency visits in 2016, accounting for 15% of all respiratory system disease related emergency visits. 

The age-standardized rate for COPD emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2016 was 776 (754.5, 798.7) visits per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 580 (573.0, 580.9) visits per 100,000 population. 

There was a small, but significant, downward trend in the Simcoe Muskoka COPD emergency visit rates from 2003 to 2016; however, the Ontario rates remained relatively stable during the same time period. The standardized morbidity ratio (SMR) for COPD emergency visits in Simcoe Muskoka compared with Ontario was 1.33 (1.30, 1.38), which means that there was a 33% greater COPD emergency visit experience in Simcoe Muskoka relative to Ontario in 2016.

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By Sex

In 2016, the age-standardized COPD emergency visit rate among Simcoe Muskoka females was 836 (804.2, 868.3) visits per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the male rate of 722 (691.6, 753.5) visits per 100,000. The 2016 COPD emergency visit rates for Ontario males and females were significantly lower than the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.  

Between 2003 and 2016, there was a small, but significant, downward trend in the COPD emergency visit rates among Simcoe Muskoka males; however, the female rates did not change significantly over the same period of time. The COPD emergency visit rates among Simcoe Muskoka females have been significantly higher than male rates since 2012.

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By Age Group

Emergency visits for COPD increases with age. The age-specific rate for COPD emergency visits between 2011 and 2016 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 3,192 (3,121, 3,263) emergency visits per 100,000 population. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were significantly higher than the provincial rates for all age-groups over this six-year period.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2016 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest prevalence of low-income had more than double the rate of COPD emergency visits when compared with those living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income.

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