Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Prevalence

Overall
By Age Group
By Education and Income
By Smoking Status

Overall

As part of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS), respondents were asked if they had been diagnosed with certain health conditions by a health professional that were expected to last six months or longer. Between 2009 and 2014, 5.5% (4.5%, 6.7%) of Simcoe Muskoka adults (35+) reported having chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). This was significantly higher than the provincial self-reported COPD prevalence rate of 4.0% (3.8%, 4.2%).

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By Age Group

COPD prevalence increases with the age. Between 2009 and 2014, COPD prevalence was highest among seniors that are 75 years or older and lowest among adults that are 35 to 54 years, in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario. COPD prevalence among older adults, between 55 and 74 years, was significantly higher in Simcoe Muskoka (8% (6.0%, 10.0%)) when compared with the province as a whole (5.5% (5.1%, 5.8%)).

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By Education and Income

COPD prevalence is highest among those with lower levels of education and income. Between 2009 and 2014, COPD prevalence was highest among those with a high school diploma or less in both Simcoe Muskoka (7% (5.4%, 8.5%)) and Ontario (6% (5.4%, 6.3%)). During the same time period, COPD prevalence was also highest among those living in household in the bottom 20 per cent of income, with the prevalence in this group significantly higher in Simcoe Muskoka (12% (9.2%, 15.6%)) when compared to Ontario as a whole (7% (6.7%, 7.1%)).

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By Smoking Status

According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, cigarette smoking is the principal underlying cause of COPD the large majority of cases. Between 2009 and 2014, COPD prevalence in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario demonstrated a significant downward gradient for current, former and never smokers.

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