By Age Group
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of diseases that cause airflow blockage and breathing-related problems. COPD and other chronic lower respiratory diseases were responsible for more than 1,000 deaths in Simcoe Muskoka between 2007 and 2011 and were the fifth leading cause of death during that time period. The age-standardized mortality rate for COPD in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2011 was 39.0 (33.9, 44.0) per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 26.6 (25.8, 27.5) per 100,000.
There was not a significant trend in the COPD mortality rates in Simcoe Muskoka from 2000 to 2012; however, in Ontario, there was a small but significant downward trend in the COPD mortality rates. The COPD mortality rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been consistently higher than the Ontario rates over this 13-year time span with the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 1.31 (1.26, 1.36), which means that there was a 31 per cent greater COPD mortality experience in Simcoe Muskoka relative to Ontario over this time period.
In 2012, the age-standardized COPD age-standardized mortality rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 49.7 (40.6, 58.8) per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the female rate of 31.4 (25.4, 37.3) per 100,000.
There was not a significant trend in the COPD mortality rates in Simcoe Muskoka among males or females for time period covering 2000 to 2012. The COPD mortality rates among males have been consistently higher than the rates among females over these 13 years.
By Age Group
The risk of dying from COPD increases exponentially with age. The age-specific mortality rate of COPD deaths between 2000 and 2012 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 421.3 (401.5, 441.0) deaths per 100,000. This was more than four times the rate for those 65 to 74 years of age and nearly 50 times the rate for those 45 to 64 years of age. The Simcoe Muskoka COPD mortality rate was significantly higher than the provincial rate for seniors 65 years and older over this 13-year period of time.
The risk of dying from COPD is significantly higher among those that live in bottom income quintile when compared with those living in any of the other income quintiles. The age-standardized mortality rate for COPD deaths between 2006 and 2012 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those living in the bottom income quintile at 46.7 (41.9, 51.6) deaths per 100,000 and lowest at 26.8 (23.4, 30.3) deaths per 100,000 observed among those that live in the top income quintile.