Map of Simcoe Muskoka

Chronic Diseases

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Hospitalizations

Overall

By Sex

By Age Group

By Income

Overall

Diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD), were the fourth leading cause of hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka in 2016. There were nearly 1,400 COPD hospitalizations in 2016, accounting for more than one-third of all respiratory system disease related hospitalizations. 

The age-standardized hospitalization rate for COPD in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2016 was 203 (192.6, 214.4) hospitalizations per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 172 (169.5, 173.7) hospitalizations per 100,000 population. The standardized morbidity ratio (SMR) for COPD hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka compared with Ontario was 1.2 (1.12, 1.25), which means that there was a 20% greater COPD hospitalization experience in Simcoe Muskoka relative to Ontario in 2016.

There was a small but significant decreasing trend in the COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka over the 14-year period from 2003 to 2016. The provincial rates for COPD hospitalizations did not change significantly over this same period of time. The COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been consistently above the provincial rates over this time period; however, the gap has narrowed in recent years.

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By Sex

In 2016, the age-standardized COPD hospitalization rate among Simcoe Muskoka males was 214 (197.5, 231.1) hospitalizations per 100,000, which was similar to the female rate of 199 (184.4, 214.0) hospitalizations per 100,000. The 2016 COPD hospitalization rates for Ontario males and females were significantly lower than the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.

The COPD hospitalization rates among males in Simcoe Muskoka declined significantly between 2003 and 2016; however, the rates among Simcoe Muskoka females did not change significantly over this same period of time.

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By Age Group

Hospitalizations for COPD increases with age. The age-specific rate for COPD hospitalizations between 2011 and 2016 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among those 75 years and older at 1,724 (1,672, 1,778) hospital discharges per 100,000 population. This was more than double the rate for those between 65 and 74 years of age and nearly 10 times higher than the rate for adults between 45 and 64 years of age. The Simcoe Muskoka age-specific rates were significantly higher than the provincial rates among all age groups.

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By Income

For the time period from 2011 to 2016 (combined), Simcoe Muskoka residents living in areas with the highest prevalence of low-income had double the rate of COPD hospitalizations when compared with those living in areas with the lowest prevalence of low-income.

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