By Age Group
The age-standardized hospitalization rate for asthma in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2015 was 28.5 (23.9, 33.1) per 100,000 population, which was not significantly different from the Ontario rate of 34.0 (33.0, 35.0) per 100,000 population.
There was a significant downward trend in the asthma hospitalization rates in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario over the 11-year period from 2005 to 2015 with the steepest drop in the rates occurring between 2005 and 2007; overall rates decreased on average by 10.6% (-15.5%, -5.4%) per year in Simcoe Muskoka and 6.7% (-9.5%, -3.8%) per year in Ontario.
In 2015, the age-standardized hospitalization rate for asthma among Simcoe Muskoka males was 26.3 (20.6, 32.6) per 100,000, which was not significantly different than the female rate of 30.3 (23.6, 37.4) per 100,000. These rates were not significantly different from the 2015 Ontario rates for either males or females.
There was a significant decreasing trend in the asthma hospitalization rates for both males and females in Simcoe Muskoka from 2005 to 2015. The asthma hospitalization rates for males and females have not been significantly different from one another since 2009.
By Age Group
Hospitalizations for asthma are most common among children under 10 years of age. The age-specific rate of asthma hospitalizations between 2003 and 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka was highest among children under 10 years of age at 195.0 (184.8, 205.3) per 100,000, which was significantly lower than the Ontario rate of 220.8 (218.7, 222.1) during the same time period. The asthma-related hospitalization rate for those under 10 years of age are more than five times the rate for any other age group.
In Simcoe Muskoka, between 2003 and 2015, asthma was responsible for approximately 100 hospitalizations per year among children under ten years of age and was one of the leading causes of hospitalizations for children. Asthma-related hospitalizations for children under ten years of age declined significantly between 2005 and 2013 in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario at approximately ten per cent per year; however, the rates increased significantly in 2014 in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario.
For the time period from 2011 to 2015 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka, hospitalizations for asthma was significantly lower among those living in top income quintile when compared with those living in any of the other income quintiles, particularly among those living in the bottom 60% of household income.