By Age Group
Cancer deaths data are derived from the Ontario Cancer Registry (OCR) operated by Cancer Care Ontario. The OCR contains information on Ontario residents who have died of all types of malignant cancers. Cancer sites were coded using the Third Edition of the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICDO-3).
The rate of cancer deaths (also called the mortality rate) provides a measure of the risk of dying from any type of cancer over a given period of time. In 2012 among Simcoe Muskoka residents, there were 1,286 deaths from all types of cancer with an age-standardized mortality rate for all ages and both sexes of 221 (209.4, 233.8) per 100,000 population. This was significantly higher than the Ontario cancer Mortality rate of 148.5 (146.7, 150.3) per 100,000.
Figure one below shows the trend in overall cancer mortality in both Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario over the 27 year period from 1986 to 2012. The cancer mortality rates both in Simcoe Muskoka and Ontario decreased steadily over this time period, with an annual percentage decrease of 1% per year. The Simcoe Muskoka rates were consistently above the Ontario rates for majority of this 27 year time-period.
In 2012, the age-standardized mortality rate for all cancers among Simcoe Muskoka males was 268 (248.0, 289.0) per 100,000, which was significantly higher than the female rate of 188 (173.4, 204.2) per 100,000. The 2012 age-standardized cancer Mortality rates for Ontario males and females were not significantly from the comparable Simcoe Muskoka rates.
Figure two shows the trend in the overall cancer mortality rates for males and females in Simcoe Muskoka over the twenty-seven year period between 1986 and 2012. The cancer mortality rates among Simcoe Muskoka males and females both decreased significantly over this time period; however, the overall cancer mortality rate among males decreased at a faster pace (-1.2 (-1.5, -1.0) per cent per year) when compared with females (-0.6 (-0.9, -0.3) per cent per year). The male cancer mortality rates were significantly higher than the female rates for the entire twenty-seven year period of time.
By Age Group
The risk of dying from cancer increases exponentially with age (see figure three). The age-specific cancer mortality rates between 2007 and 2012 (combined) in Simcoe Muskoka were highest among those 75 years and older at 1570 (1517.5, 1624.0) deaths per 100,000 population. In contrast, the cancer Mortality rate for children and youth under 20 years of age was only two (0.8, 2.8) deaths per 100,000 population. The age-specific cancer Mortality rates in Simcoe Muskoka were significantly higher than the provincial rates for all age-groups among adults 20 to 64 years of age and older.